Mexico is crossed from north to south by two mountain ranges known as Sierra Madre Oriental and Sierra Madre Occidental, which are the extension of the Rocky Mountains from northern North America. From east to west at the centre, the country is crossed by the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt also known as the Sierra Nevada. A fourth mountain range, the Sierra Madre del Sur, runs from Michoacan to Oaxaca.
The Tropic of Cancer effectively divides the country into temperate and tropical zones. Land north of the twenty-fourth parallel experiences cooler temperatures during the winter months. South of the twenty-fourth parallel, temperatures are fairly constant year round and vary solely as a function of elevation. This gives Mexico one of the most diverse weather systems. Areas south of the 24th parallel with elevations up to 1,000m (the southern parts of both coastal plains as well as the Yucatan Peninsula), have a yearly median temperature between 24C to 28C. Temperatures here remain high throughout the year, with only a 5C difference between winter and summer median temperatures. Both Mexican coasts, except for the south coast of the Bay of Campeche and northern Baja, are also vulnerable to serious hurricanes during the summer and autumn. Although low lying areas north of the 24th parallel are hot and humid during the summer, they generally have lower yearly temperature averages (from 20C to 24C because of more moderate conditions during the winter. Many parts of Mexico, particularly the north, have a dry climate with sporadic rainfall while parts of the tropical lowlands in the south average more than 2,000mm of annual precipitation.
At the southern tip of the Baja California peninsula is the resort town of Cabo San Lucas, a town noted for its marlin fishing. Further north along the Sea of Cortes is the Bahia de La Concepcion, another beach town known for its sports fishing. Closer to the United States border is the weekend draw of San Felipe, Baja California. Both coasts offer in-shore and deep water sport fishing for Blue Marlin, Black Marlin, Striped Marlin, Sailfish, Dorado, Wahoo and more. There are flats too for Bonefish and Permit etc.
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